There is some evidence that hate crimes against Latinos are on the rise. Initial findings from the National Institute of Justice (2011) show that hate crimes against Latinos increased from 1997 to 2008. In the mid 2000s, hate crimes against Latinos increased nationwide, followed by a decrease from 2010 to 2011 (Shively et al., 2014 [pdf]). From 2011 to 2012, the rate of violent hate crimes against Latinos tripled from 0.6 to 2.0 per thousand residents (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2014a [pdf]). In California, anti-Latino bullying of school children increased from 2002 to 2011, and Latinos who participated in the federal Migrant Education Program were victimized at higher rates than their non-participant Latino peers (Shively et al., 2014 [pdf]). Hate crimes against Latinos may follow changes in Latino immigration, with more immigrants meaning more hate crimes (Stacey, Carbone-López, & Rosenfeld, 2011).
In addition, 2013 numbers show that Latinos who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or affected by HIV (based on their own HIV status or that of someone they know) are more likely to be the victims of hate crimes targeting those identities than white members of the same communities, and that those crimes are more likely to involve physical violence (National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, 2014 [pdf]).
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